Normal daily routines such as cigarette smoking, drinking coffee and tea will leave stains on your teeth. Dental plaque is also present in everybody's mouths. If not cleaned properly, dental plaque will harden to form calculus, which may support the formation of other problems such as gum/periodontal disease, which can manifest as bleeding gums and bad breath. With the right brushing and flossing technique, dental plaque may be easily removed. However, calculus and stains require a visit to your dentist's office to be professionally removed.
After a scaling/cleaning, polishing is normally done to smoothen out the tooth surfaces and remove any leftover stains. It is essential to smoothen the tooth surfaces as rough surfaces tend to be a predisposing factor for plaque retention.
While routine 6 monthly scaling and polishing will serve most to all of your needs, prevention is always better than cure. So be sure to ask your dentist and hygienist for the best tips on how to improve your oral care and tips on keeping you free from gum disease. Be sure to inform them of any serious illnesses or long - term medications you are taking, as they may be contributing factors to your gum disease.
It is important not to ignore any signs and symptoms of gum disease as this can progress to irreversible stages of advanced gum disease (periodontitis).